Dos And Don’ts For Home Health Test Kits

Comfort, low costs and privacy, these are the main advantages of home health test kits; however, promoting this new facility implies increasing people’s awareness of the importance to treat such home facilities with utmost care. Urine sample collection may look piece of cake, and so it should be, on condition that some basic instructions are followed. There are some dos and don’ts in almost all the home health test kits, all you need to do is be patient enough to read and follow everything thoroughly in order not to compromise samples. Unlike blood testing, that may seem more difficult, urine testing is in fact the complex one.

Urine can be collected any time of the day, but in order to have a valid sample, some rules must be followed. For instance, you should not drink four hours before sample collection, as liquids dilute the urine and lower the concentration of the substances necessary for the medical analysis. This is why most people choose to collect a sample of the first morning urine that meets all the testing parameters. Don’t take any medication before the urine test; antibiotics or hormonal oral contraceptives are usually the ones that influence the analysis results.

Wash the genital area before you collect the urine sample in order to eliminate bacteria, then wipe it dry. The urine at the beginning of the stream is also reach in bacteria from the lower urinary tract; this is why the best sample is the urine collected in the middle of the stream. Follow all the steps indicated in the instructions of the home health test kits to make sure that you are familiar with the storage conditions. The collected sample should be sent right away to the laboratory since its quality deteriorates in time.

Do not reuse some parts of a urine home health test kits in combination with other tests, as the reliability of the results is drastically diminished; furthermore, the materials are for one use only, don’t save them for the next time. Do not open the urine collection recipient before you actually take the sample; it is stored in a sterile environment and it should remain like that until the moment the test is performed. Otherwise you risk that the test results may not accurately reflect the real health condition, if various bacteria or invisible fungi accumulate in the collecting device.

How HIPAA Privacy Rules Affect Your Health Information – 6 Points

There are certain entities in the healthcare field, insurance companies and healthcare providers for example, that need to collect various information of the individual and even exchange it with other entities for treatment and insurance purposes. While this is required for the proper functioning of the industry it also poses a series of threats as sensitive information of an individual is involved. The Privacy Rules of Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act (HIPAA) have tried to address this concern by framing a set of guidelines to protect health information.

Some of the points that covered entities have to keep in mind regarding health information are listed below.

• Collection: The most important thing that any covered entity must keep in mind is that the data must be collected by legitimate means only without resorting to any unfair and secretive practices. The individual must be duly informed about why the data is being collected and the process must be continued only after receiving consent.

• Quality: The covered entities must also make sure that the data collected is relevant to their specific purposes. No attempt must be made to gather any extra data; only the information required for the smooth functioning of the treatment or for any related matter must be sought. Instead the entity must focus on ensuring that the information is complete and accurate to the best of their knowledge.

• Use: A very vital aspect of the HIPAA Privacy Rules is the use of the collected information. Covered entities that are in possession of the individual’s data must use it only for the purposes allowed by the law and share the information solely with entities that require it for the approved purposes. Remember that if you are one of the entities you must neither seek data nor disclose it to others if it falls outside the purview of the relevant rules.

• Clarity: All the covered entities are required to have a clear set of policies regarding the management of personal health information. Complete information about the practices followed for using the data must be readily available; in fact the entities must provide the patient with the Notice of Privacy Practices (NOPP) at the first opportunity to keep them well informed.

• Safeguards: Besides the collection of appropriate data the entities are also required to take sufficient measures to safeguard such information. The safeguards must provide adequate protection against data theft, unauthorized access and even destruction of the records.

• Patient Participation: To give the patient more control over their own information HIPAA Privacy Rules require an entity to seek due authorization from the patient for use of the data for purposes other than those specified by the law. In addition the patient can seek a copy of personal information and even make suggestions to modify or delete certain content.

All the parties involved must understand the HIPAA Privacy Rules for managing information, whether it is the covered entities seeking data or the patient who must know the consequences when authorizing use of personal information.